Coronavirus disease is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered coronavirus. Covid-19 is a newly discovered member of coronavirus. Like other coronaviruses, it has transferred to humans from animals. The World Health Organisation (WHO) has declared it a pandemic.
Most people who are infected with the coronavirus feel mild illness and most of the cases recovered without taking any special treatment. This infection is a little dangerous for older people, and those people who are already suffering from any medical issue diabetes, chronic respiratory disease, and cancer are more.
Person-to-person contact is the main method of transmission for the coronavirus, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)Trusted Source.
Imagine sitting next to someone with a coronavirus infection on the bus or in a meeting room. Suddenly, this person sneezes or coughs. If they don’t cover their mouth and nose, they could potentially spray you with respiratory droplets from their nose or mouth. The droplets that land on you will likely contain the virus.
You meet someone who is infected with the virus, and they touched their mouth or nose with their hand. When that person shakes your hand, they transfer some of the viruses to your hand. If you touch your mouth or nose without washing your hands first, you may accidentally give that virus an entry point into your own body.
According to the WHO, the most common symptoms of coronavirus or Covid-19 are fever, tiredness and a dry cough. Some patients may also have a runny nose, sore throat, nasal congestion and aches, and pains or diarrhea. About 80% of people who get Covid-19 experience a mild case – about as serious as a regular cold – and recover without needing any special treatment.
1. A high temperature – you feel hot to touch on your chest or back
2. A new continuous cough – this means you’ve started coughing repeatedly
As this is viral pneumonia, antibiotics are of no use. The antiviral drugs we have against the flu will not work, and there is currently no vaccine. Recovery depends on the strength of the immune system.
Stay aware of the latest information on the COVID-19 outbreak, available on the WHO website and through your national and local public health authority.
Most people who become infected experience mild illness and recover, but it can be more severe for others. Take care of your health and protect others by doing the following:
Wash your hands frequently – Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water.
Maintain social distancing – Maintain at least 1 meter (3 feet) distance between yourself and anyone who is coughing or sneezing.
Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth – Hands touch many surfaces and can pick up viruses. Once contaminated, hands can transfer the virus to your eyes, nose or mouth.
Practice respiratory hygiene – Make sure you, and the people around you, follow good respiratory hygiene.
If you have fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical care early
Stay home if you feel unwell. If you have a fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical attention and call in advance. Follow the directions of your local health authority. (source WHO)